Archive for April, 2009
This was forwarded to me from a friend of my family’s–a retired. USAF Col., who knows Col. Holliday. ~MCL
Dr. Sam Holliday, Col. USAF (retired) wrote:
I just received this from what I consider a reliable source. Again it illustrates the problems of having centralized control and laws (which results in Rules of Engagement for reasons other than effectiveness) imposed
on combat operations. We need to get back to letting the on scene commander
(OSC) command. ~> v/r, Sam
Having spoken to some SEAL pals in Virginia Beach (yesterday) and asking why this thing dragged out for 4 days, I got the following:
1. BHO wouldn’t authorize the DEVGRU/NSWC SEAL teams to the scene for 36 hours going against OSC (on scene commander) recommendation.
2. Once they arrived, BHO imposed restrictions on their ROE that they couldn’t do anything unless the hostage’s life was in “imminent” danger
3. The first time the hostage jumped, the SEALS had the raggies all sighted in, but could not fire due to ROE restriction.
4. When the navy RIB came under fire as it approached with supplies, no fire was returned due to ROE restrictions. As the raggies were shooting at the RIB, they were exposed and the SEALS had them all dialed in.
5. BHO specifically denied two rescue plans developed by the Bainbridge CPN and SEAL teams.
6. Bainbridge CPN and SEAL team CDR finally decide they have the OpArea and OSC authority to solely determine risk to hostage. 4 hours later, 3 dead raggies
7. BHO immediately claims credit for his “daring and decisive” behaviour. As usual with him, it’s BS.
So per our last email thread, I’m downgrading Oohbaby’s performace to D-. Only reason it’s not an F is that the hostage survived.
Read the following accurate account:
Philips’ first leap into the warm, dark water of the Indian Ocean had not worked out as well. With the Bainbridge in range and a rescue by his country’s Navy possible, Philips threw himself off of his lifeboat prison, enabling
Navy shooters onboard the destroyer a clear shot at his captors — and none was taken.
The guidance from National Command Authority — the president of the United States, Barack Obama — had been clear: a peaceful solution was the only acceptable outcome to this standoff unless the hostage’s life was in clear,
The next day, a small Navy boat approaching the floating raft was fired on by the Somali pirates — and again no fire was returned and no pirates killed. This was again due to the cautious stance assumed by Navy personnel thanks to the combination of a lack of clear guidance fromWashington and a mandate from the commander in chief’s staff not to act until Obama, a man with no background of dealing with such issues and no track record of decisiveness, decided that any outcome other than a “peaceful solution” would be acceptable.
After taking fire from the Somali kidnappers again Saturday night, the on-scene commander decided he’d had enough. Keeping his authority to act in the case of a clear and present danger to the hostage’s life and having heard nothing from Washington since yet another request to mount a rescue operation had been denied the day before, the Navy officer — unnamed in all media reports to date — decided the AK47 one captor had leveled at Philips’ back was a threat to the hostage’s life and ordered the NSWC team to take their shots.
Three rounds downrange later, all three brigands became enemy KIA and Philips was safe.
There is upside, downside, and spinside to the series of events over the last week that culminated in (yesterday’s )dramatic rescue of an American hostage.
Almost immediately following word of the rescue, the Obama administration and its supporters claimed victory against pirates in theIndian Ocean and declared that the dramatic end to the standoff put paid to questions of the
inexperienced president’s toughness and decisiveness.
Despite the Obama administration’s (and its sycophants’) attempt to spin yesterday’s success as a result of bold, decisive leadership by the inexperienced president, the reality is nothing of the sort. What should have been a standoff lasting only hours — as long as it took the USS Bainbridge and its team of NSWC operators to steam to the location — became an embarrassing four day and counting stand-off between a ragtag
handful of criminals with rifles and a U.S. Navy warship.
It is interesting that the media did not provide a history of the name of the Navy destroyer, USS “Bainbridge”, that recently assisted the crew of the hijacked merchant marine ship, Maersk Alabama.
Research into a book titled To the Shores of Tripoli, by A.B.C. Whipple….reveals the following…
On March 27, 1794 President George Washington signed “An Act to Provide Naval Armament ” authorizing the construction of six frigates (that would create the U.S. Navy after the Revolution.) The frigates were necessary to protect American merchant ships from attack by the North African “Barbary States” of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. Ships in the Mediterranean were routinely taken captive by “pirates”and the crews were taken as prisoners, and held for ransom, or sold as slaves. It became very frequent and was very expensive for the young American nation to pay the ransoms. Americans were sharply divided as whether to continue paying ransoms or use force.
In 1786, initially seeking to pay a tribute payment, and thereby “negotiate” a peace treaty, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams went to Europe to negotiate tribute payments to the pirates. Asking the Ambassador from Tripoli why they preyed upon the American merchants, the answer was that the North African nations justified war against all non-Muslim nations based on the Islamic Koran; and, Muslims who died during a siege were assured to go to paradise. Jefferson reported the Algerian ambassador’s reply to Congress:
“Founded on the laws of their prophet, and written in the Quran, all nations who did not acknowledge their (King’s) authority were sinners, and it was their right and duty to make war upon them wherever they could be found, and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners, and that every ‘Musselman’ (Muslim) who should be slain in Battle was sure to go to Paradise.”
It is interesting to note during our founding era, like today, there was great concern and debate over how to deal with radical Islamist doctrine permitting and practicing shameless extortion of non-Muslims. Some Americans wanted to talk with them to convince them that their actions were wrong. Some of our citizens and politicians wanted to continue paying ransom, thinking the problem would eventually go away.
William Bainbridge was a captain of several ships during the Barbary Wars that ensued. Under John Adams Presidency in 1800, he delivered treaty tribute “gifts” (jizya) for safe travel in the Mediterranean to the Dey of Algiers as captain of the USS George Washington. During Thomas Jefferson’s first days as President , in 1801, William Bainbridge was the captain of the USS Essex in what was the first squadron after their construction was completed (consisting of five U.S. Navy frigates) sent to protect American shipping in the Mediterranean. In 1803 Jefferson sent another squadron, and at that time Bainbridge was the captain of the Philadelphia. The Philadelphia subsequently was taken captive at Tripoli and its 307 officers and crew were held captive in Tripoli for 18 months. After negotiation, 296 surviving Americans were released for a ransom tribute of $60,000 and 89 Tripolitan prisoners that the Americans had taken in resulting squirmishes.
The missing eleven (of the original 307 Americans taken as prisoners from the USS Philadelphia) included 6 who had died in captivity, and 5 who had converted to Islam much to the annoyance of the rest of the crew. The Bashaw of Tripoli offered the 5 converts the choice of staying in Tripoli and living as Muslims, or returning with the Americans. Four of them decided to renounce Islam and go home. The Bashaw of Tripoli regarded this as an insult to Islam. He called his guards to take those 4 men away…One American recalled the look of horror and despair as they passed him. Those four men did not get to go home, and they were never seen or heard from again….
Captain William Bainbridge lived to be a Naval Officer in the War of 1812.
There has been no lack of controversy behind tax-payers money used to accommodate Muslims footbaths. On university campuses, in public schools, and at airports, special Muslim accommadation demands are an issue. These demands include prayer rooms and prayer “trailers” for airport shuttle bus and cab drivers, special prayer accommodations for Muslim children in public schools; the list goes on and on.
But what is the truth behind a Muslims demand for special accommodations to support these required religious Sharia laws? And why are these special accommodations not considered discrimination, prejudice, or bias while other faith groups have been denied far less accommodations under the claim of separation of church and state?
After reading a testimony from a woman that converted to Islam to marry an Iranian born man who shared that prayer is not required on a strict schedule and Muslim prayers are commonly “made up” after work or school in Islamic countries including Iran, I decided to investigate the facts behind Islamic Law, footbaths and prayer requirements.
After doing a little research I discovered that Islamic authorities agree that footbaths are not required to fulfill their washing rituals prior to prayer and that provisions have been clearly defined. According to Islamic Law, you have a symbolic washing alternative or you can wash in one location and pray at another and this one washing can last you through an entire days prayers.
In addition, I have also discovered that provisions were made to “make up” prayers to accommodate people at work or school, allowing prayers to be postponed.
In light of these facts, one has to ask what the intentions are for requiring special accommodations through tax-payer dollars. Could this be the tactic they are employing to increase their visible presence in the United States? In the CIA World Factbook published in July of 2007, they reported that the Muslim population represents only 0.6% of the US Population, while Christians reported at 78.5% and Jews reported at 1.7% and yet they are demanding that our President refer to Judeo-Christian AND Islamic faith, claiming equality and weight within our country.
Next time we hear an Islamic organization demands or receives special accommodations, I hope this report will cause people to pause and ask for the facts that support their “requirements”, that we will take the time to investigate, and will have the courage to debate the issues without intimidation.
Footbaths and Ritual Washing Requirements
According to a Saudi Arabian publication Titled “Foreigners Guidance Center in Qassim Zone” published in 1991 by Wakf Endowment-Gratis 1411h, 1991, there are three forms of ritual washing or “Ablution” that are approved according to Islamic Law, called Tayammum or “Complete Substitue for the Ablution” as follows:
Complete Substitute for the Wadu or Ablution (tayammum)
Tayammum or resort to pure earth may substitute for the ablution and even the bath. This is allowed in any of the following cases:
- When a person is sick and cannot use water;
- When he has no access to water in sufficient quantity,
- When the use of water is likely to do him harm or cause any disease;
- When the performance of ablution makes the person miss a funeral or Eid prayer, which has no substitute.
In any of these instances it is permissible to make tayammum which is performed as follows:
1. Strike both hands slightly on pure earth or sand or stone.
2. Shake the hands off and wipe the face with them once in the same way as done in the ablution.
3. Strike the hands again and wipe the right arm to the elbow with the left hand and the left arm with the right hand.
This tayammum is a symbolic demonstration of the importance of the ablution, which is so vital for both worship and health. When Islam introduced this repeatable ablution, it brought along with it the best hygienic formula which no other spiritual doctrine or medical prescription had anticipated.
Canadian Society of Muslims
According to the Canadian Society of Muslims who is directly linked to The Islamic Institute of Civic Justice-The Muslim Court of Arbitration, They agree with Saudi Arabia’s Wakf interpretation of the Law regarding a Substitute for the Tayammum Ablution, calling it “Symbolic Wadu” follows:
Tayammum , the Symbolic Ablution
- Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
- Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the face with them once as done in the partial ablution.
Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the right arm to the elbow with the left hand and the left arm with the right hand.
Masjid (Mosque) of Tuscon
According to the Masjid of Tuscon, Arizona who belongs to the International Community of Submitters, also agrees with Symbolic Ablution. They also provided us with supporting Qur’anic texts to support their interpretation stating “personal opinion about ‘cleaner is better’ by adding more steps to God’s steps (7:171).”
They go on to say “If you are looking for being in the ‘cleanest’ physical state, then you may need nothing less than a complete digestive wash and shower each time, immediately followed by the prayer. This is not practical and you can’t help but realize this. You can never have enough steps and conditions or be completely clean because the body has constant organ secretions, surface bacterial decay etc. Besides, there could be endless arguments on how clean is clean. Is a water rinse best or a detergent scrub. Is it okay to repeat a garment or must garments be worn fresh for each prayer? Should the knees and armpits also be included and so on. God’s practical religion has already taken all this into account, and if God wanted us to do more steps, He would have mentioned it (6:19, 38, 114, 18:109). Imagine the plight of a shop level mechanic quite covered in oil all day!”
They then quote:
“GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation (Surah 2:185).”
Besides detailing the four steps of ablution, verse 5:6 clearly establishes that the Wudu is a symbolic cleaning ritual. (See also 4:43).
[5:6] O you who believe, when you observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), you shall: (1) wash your faces, (2) wash your arms to the elbows, (3) wipe your heads, and (4) wash your feet to the ankles. If you were unclean due to sexual orgasm, you shall bathe. If you are ill, or traveling, or had any digestive excretion (urinary, fecal, or gas), or had (sexual) contact with the women, and you cannot find water, you shall observe the dry ablution (Tayammum) by touching clean dry soil, then rubbing your faces and hands. GOD does not wish to make the religion difficult for you; He wishes to cleanse you and to perfect His blessing upon you, that you may be appreciative.
From the verse we can see that a Wudu holds good as long as it is not broken by the conditions listed in the verse. At the same time, it doesn’t say that the Wudu must be done only at the moment before each prayer, as someone may find it convenient to do the ablution at a particular place and pray at another location subsequently. We also know that a Wudu holds good for more than one prayer if it is not broken. Surely during this time, the person will have become ‘dirty’ from ambient dirt while the body will have continued its secretions and exposure to germs and bacteria!
Another proof is the dry ablution (Tayammum) when you cannot find water. The Tayammum which involves just two actions namely, rubbing the face and hands with clean dry soil is itself symbolic to the rest of the four steps done with water! God did not even ask us to wipe our heads or rub our feet with soil, yet this form of Wudu is absolutely valid!
Muslim Student Association-University of Southern California
The guidelines provided by the Muslim Student Association are indeed authoritative, deriving from the largest network of Islamic organizations in the United States.
In order to understand the weight of religious authority the Muslim Student Association has in the United States, one needs to understand these organizations origins, which is one of the oldest national Islamic organizations founded in the United States. MSA was found by the Muslim Brotherhood in 1963, a fundamentally Islamic organization linked with global terror including al-Qaida.
The MSA, also referred to as the Muslim Student Union has chapters throughout the United States and Canada. MSA is “a religious organization dedicated to establishing and maintaining Islamic societies on University and College campuses”. MSA also supports clubs on Public School Campuses.
Muslim Brotherhood also founded the North American Islamic Trust in 1971, The International Institute of Islamic Thought in the 1980’s, The Islamic Society of North America in 1981, The American Muslim Council in 1990, The Muslim American Society in 1992.
About the Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn , full title “The Society of the Muslim Brothers“, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān , “the Brotherhood” or “MB”) is an international SunniIslamist movement and the world’s largest, most influential political Islamist group , particularly in Egypt. Founded by the Sufi schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928, several linked groups have since formed across many nations of the Muslim world.
These groups are dedicated to the credo:
About Islamic Society of North America
The vision of ISNA is “to be an exemplary and unifying Islamic organization in North America that contributes to the betterment of the Muslim community and society at large.” ISNA is an association of Muslim organizations and individuals that provides a common platform for presenting Islam, supporting Muslim communities, developing educational, social and outreach programs and fostering good relations with other religious communities, and civic and service organizations. ISNA’s annual convention is generally the largest gathering of AmericanMuslims in the United States. Islamic Horizons is the bi-monthly publication of ISNA. ISNA Elementary School.
Finally we come to the closing authority regarding Substitution or Symbolic Wudu in which we find that MSA also agrees with our other sources and mentions an additional provision which involves “wiping the socks” as follows:
Tayammum (purification with clean earth)
Tayammum means to resort to pure earth as a substitute for clean water for purification. One may resort to Tayammum in the following cases:
- When water is not available, or it is available but it is insufficient for both Wuduu and drinking needs.
- Inability of an individual to use available water due to illness.
- When the use of water may prove to cause sickness or illness.
Tayammum is performed in the following sequence:
- Bring Niyyah in the heart.
- Say: ” Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.” In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful.
- Strike the hands with the open palms on clean earth, stone, sand, or gypsum. Shake off the excess and wipe only the face and the arms to the elbows.
Tayammum is a complete substitute for Wuduu and Ghusl, hence it may be used to perform anything that Tahaarah, purification, is essential for, such as Salaah, handling Al-Quran, etc.
Mashul Khuffain (wiping the socks in wuduu)
Al-Islaam, as a sign of grace and facility, has allowed a Muslim to wipe over the socks with wet hands for the purpose of Wuduu, if the socks have been worn after performing a Wuduu where the feet were washed. One may wipe over the socks for a day and night if one is staying, and three days if one is on a journey.
Humaam An-Nakha’ee (r.’a.) related:
“Jareer bin Abdullah (r.’a.) urinated and then made wuduu and wiped on his khuffs (leather socks), so he was asked: You do that after urination? Jareer answered: Yes, I saw the Prophet (s.a.s.) urinate and then made Wuduu and wiped on his socks.” (Muslim/Al-Bukhaaree)
As for the procedures of Mash, wiping on the socks in Wuduu, after one has washed up every part of Wuduu up to the ears, one needs not remove the socks; instead, one may wipe over the upper part of the socks once. One then starts wiping the feet from the toes and closes up with the ankles for each sock.
Prayer Schedule and Requirements
Also found through the MSA of USC website is a guideline for As-Salaah (The Regular Prayer) as follows:
“However, the majority of the scholars agreed that it is permissible to make up the missed Fard prayers at any time, be it after the Subh or after the ‘Asr prayers, because the Prophet said:
“Whoever forgets about a prayer, should offer it whenever he remembers it.” (Al-Bukhaaree/Muslim)
“The Prophet’s wife, ‘Aaishaa, reported that the Prophet used to make up the missed Sunnahs of Zuhr.”
Qadaaus Salaah (making-up missed prayers)
If a prayer could not be offered at the prescribed time, due to some valid reason, one should offer it as soon as possible, the sooner the better.
When one Fard prayer, such as the morning prayer, is missed, it should be offered as soon as possible. But if two or more prayers are missed, they should be offered in their order, Zuhr before ‘Asr, etc.
If the time of one prayer has expired and the time of the next prayer is due, the prayer that is expired should be offered first, if the time of the present prayer is long enough for both prayers, then the prayer that is due should be offered afterward.
The missed Sunnah prayers need not be offered unless they are Sunnahs Muakkadah, such as Witr, two Sunnahs of Subh prayer and the Sunnahs before Zuhr.
Al-Jam’u Bainas Salaatain (combination of two prayers)
A worshiper may be allowed to combine two prayers. This combination may be Taqdeeman, that is in advance, when the two prayers are offered together in the time of the first prayer, such as offering Salaatuz Zuhr in its correct time and Salaatul ‘Asr before its correct time.
“If you can offer this prayer every day do it, but if you can’t do it every day, do it once every Friday, if not, once a year, if not, once in a lifetime.” (Abu Daaud)